Electronic Toll Payment using E-ZPass

E-ZPass is an electronic toll collection mechanism which is currently installed on many extensions, passages and tolled streets in Eastern and Midwestern United States, as far west as Illinois and as far south as Florida.

E-ZPass makes travelling more quick and convenient as one passes through toll facilities, it also helps to reduce traffic congestion. In conventional toll collection methods you have to deposit tickets, coins, and tokens at the toll plazas. This affects the highway capacity negatively because of the sheer number of vehicles on the highway at a given time. The number of vehicles that a highway can accommodate at a given time is very limited.


E-ZPass is a part of an E-ZPass Interagency Group (IAG) which includes NJMCDirect too and it comprises of 39 part organizations working in about 17 states. They all employ similar techniques and allow travelers to use a akin transponder on toll streets throughout the system.

It was created in 1987, but since then many different versions have been accepted and subsequently replaced with the better ones. Currently, Illinois E-ZPass framework incorporates the I-Pass and North Carolina incorporates NC Quick Pass.

Customers of E-ZPass have separate lanes at the toll plazas where they pay electronically from a prepaid account that is connected in the intital stages of E-ZPass development. Most of the times vehicles don’t even have to stop to make the payment and in many cases they drive through the toll plaza at the normal highway speed. However, it is important to follow the designated speed lines while driving through the toll plaza for safety purposes.

Functionality of E-ZPass


E-ZPass are made only by Kapsch TrafficCom, made by active RFID transponders. Just this one time in past they were manufactured by Mark IV Industries Corp—IVHS Division.

They transmit an interesting radio mark by using path-based or open street toll and gather paths. They also make use of pursuer gear which comes incorporated with path based toll. The most widely used tag is labels that can be mounted on any vehicle easily, in the windshield of the vehicle in the vicinity to the back view reflect.

Toll offices usually encourage mounting tags on windshield with mounting strips, which are usually 3M’s Scotch image with double lock latches. There are alternatives available as well, though, like utilizing plate with suction glasses to stick to windshield for some time.

Vehicles with square RF signals, recorded vehicles, and vehicles with style concerns are offered an outside tag. This way vehicle’s front tag mounting points can be connected.

Tags can be used for bikes too, but there are no official instructions for that, mostly because of the different bike varieties of bicycle plans. Plus, the small region of a cruiser windshield might prove to be a deterrent if transponder is connected to it. If necessary, then transponders can be kept in shirt or coat pocket though.

E-ZPass are usually changed over paths which are manual and for security reasons; the speed should be very low, preferably in the range of 5 and 15 miles per hour (or 8 and 24 kilometers per hour). In such cases, E-ZPass vehicle can easily connect with vehicles that no longer pay money toll.

Many a times, toll specialists are permitted to cross E-ZPass to make sure that they achieve stalls bearing money installments. In some regions there is no reason compelling enough to back off because of the fact that E-ZPass can use Express E-ZPass that are independent, albeit physically, from the toll-stall paths.

Precedents include:

  • Hampton toll square on I‑95 in New Hampshire
  • New York State Thruway at the Woodbury toll obstruction
  • Atlantic City Expressway,
  • Interstate 78 Toll Bridge,
  • Newark Toll Plaza on the Delaware Turnpike,[4]
  • Pocahontas Parkway in Virginia
  • Delaware Route 1,
  • Illinois Tollway framework
  • Hooksett toll square on I‑93 in New Hampshire
  • Three areas on the New Jersey Turnpike (close to the Delaware Memorial Bridge (Exit 1), close Exit 18W, and the Pennsylvania Extension, which associates with the Pennsylvania Turnpike (Exit 6)),
  • Garden State Parkway,
  • Pennsylvania Turnpike’s Gateway, Warrendale, Neshaminy Falls and Mid-County toll courts,
  • New segments of the Mon– Fayette Expressway

E-ZPass tags are customized for every specific class of vehicles, while every authentic tag will be acknowledged and allowed in any E-ZPass toll street, the wrong tag can cost you. If the tag on your vehicle is not in sync with your vehicle then you have to pay an amount as fine.

Infringement and conceivable fine will be charged on the guilty person, especially if a lower-class tag is used for a higher-class vehicle. To prevent such cases from happening, business class vehicles are given tags which are blue in color while the traveller-class vehicles are given white colored tags. Plus, government class vehicles also utilize blue colored tags.

In New York, orange colored E-ZPass are issued to the representatives of the Metropolitan Transportation Authority, New York State Thruway Authority, and Port Authority of New York and New Jersey. However, orange colored tags are issued to crisis vehicles too.

To give motivation on account of interoperability, every office is connected to the other one through a protected system called the correspondence organize. This way label information can be traded and same information is processed over different offices of toll exchange.

Label information is traded among these toll exchanges daily. New York State Thruway and Illinois Tollway framework take about 24 hours to process the information, while on different systems the time might extend to 72 hours.

Technology Details

So how does a E-ZPass transponder works? It simply tines in for a flag communicated by the man stationed on the tall corner. At the speed of 500 kbit/s, this 915 MHz flag is sent and this process utilizes TDM convention in 256-bit packets.

Transponders use dynamic Type II compose/read innovation. In 2013 April, Kapsch, the firm that bought Mark IV Industries made this technology accessible to every individual for free and is giving opportunity to sublicense the agreement.

Retail Accessibility

Many issuing offices give a bundled E-ZPass transponder which contains toll supports sold over-the-counter at a general store or a drug store or any other retail setting, they become substantial immediately.

The clients can get the rest of the equalization after enlisting their transponders with the issuing E-ZPass centre within a few days of using their initial E-ZPass.


According to the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey, in 2016, 83.4% of vehicles that crossed its passages and six extensions utilized E-ZPass for toll installment.

E-ZPass Plus

E-ZPass Plus is a easy, convenient and quick method to make payments at the parking of any participating facility.

Given below are some of the participating facilities:

  • Newark Liberty International Airport, Newark, NJ
  • LaGuardia International Airport, New York, NY
  • JFK International Airport, Albany, NY
  • Atlantic City International Airport, Atlantic City, NJ
  • New York Avenue Parking Garage, Atlantic City, NJ
  • Great New York State Fair, Syracuse, NY